|Mean field spin glasses treated with PDE techniques - Adriano Barra|
Following an original idea of F. Guerra, in this notes we analyze the Sherrington-Kirkpatrick model from different perspectives, all sharing the underlying approach which consists in linking the resolution of the statistical mechanics of the model (e.g. solving for the free energy) to well-known partial differential equation (PDE) problems (in suitable spaces). The plan is then to solve the related PDE using techniques involved in their native field and lastly bringing back the solution in the p...
|How glassy are neural networks? - Adriano Barra|
In this paper we continue our investigation on the high storage regime of a neural network with Gaussian patterns. Through an exact mapping between its partition function and one of a bipartite spin glass (whose parties consist of Ising and Gaussian spins respectively), we give a complete control of the whole annealed region. The strategy explored is based on an interpolation between the bipartite system and two independent spin glasses built respectively by dichotomic and Gaussian spins: Critic...
|A Solvable Mean Field Model of a Gaussian Spin Glass - Adriano Barra|
We introduce a mean field spin glass model with gaussian distribuited spins and pairwise interactions, whose couplings are drawn randomly from a normal gaussian distribution too. We completely control the main thermodynamical properties of the model (free energy, phase diagram, fluctuations theory) in the whole phase space. In particular we prove that in thermodynamic limit the free energy equals its replica symmetric expression.
|Immune networks: multi-tasking capabilities at medium load - Elena Agliari|
Associative network models featuring multi-tasking properties have been introduced recently and studied in the low load regime, where the number $P$ of simultaneously retrievable patterns scales with the number $N$ of nodes as $P\sim \log N$. In addition to their relevance in artificial intelligence, these models are increasingly important in immunology, where stored patterns represent strategies to fight pathogens and nodes represent lymphocyte clones...
|Anergy in self-directed B lymphocytes from a statistical mechanics perspective - Elena Agliari|
The ability of the adaptive immune system to discriminate between self and non-self mainly stems from the ontogenic clonal-deletion of lymphocytes expressing strong binding affinity with self-peptides. However, some self-directed lymphocytes may evade selection and still be harmless due to a mechanism called clonal anergy. As for B lymphocytes, two major explanations for anergy developed over three decades: according to "Varela theory", it stems from a proper orchestration of the whole B-reperto...